Today, I heard Michael Green discuss the Democratic Party victory in Japan on CSPAN. They won on the strength of "sticking it to the bureaucrats." Unfortunately, the legislature does not have the expertise in policy that is true here in America, nor do they have "Think Tanks" like in the United States. Thus, he believe their campaign on the them of "Change" will fail to deliver on its promises as they are too dependent upon the bureaucrats to actually run things.
The particpatory democratic answer is to use citizen juries to review the decisions and salaries of the bureaucrats.